The Noble Quraan is the last and final Divine scripture sent by Allah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aalaa), the Lord Almighty to provide guidance to this mortal world till the Day of Qiyaamah (Resurrection). The Holy Quraan is also an eternal miracle of the Prophet of Islam, Hadhrat Muhammad (SallAllaho ‘Alaihe WaSallam) because all the miracles of the earlier Prophets ended with their death, except Prophet Hadhrat Muhammad (SallAllaho ‘Alaihe WaSallam) whose miracle is still preserved. This everlasting miracle, the Book of Allah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aalaa), is the Revealed Words and Speech of Allah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aalaa), safe and secured from any alteration or disappearance.
لَا يَأْتِيهِ الْبَاطِلُ مِنْ بَيْنِ يَدَيْهِ وَلَا مِنْ خَلْفِهِ تَنْزِيلٌ مِنْ حَكِيمٍ حَمِيدٍ [فصلت: 42]
”That cannot be approached by falsehood, neither from its front, nor from its behind — a revelation from the All-Wise, the Ever-Praised.” (Fussilat 41:42)
Allah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aalaa), the Almighty, confirms this fact, when He says (what means):
وَإِنْ أَحَدٌ مِنَ الْمُشْرِكِينَ اسْتَجَارَكَ فَأَجِرْهُ حَتَّى يَسْمَعَ كَلَامَ [التوبة: 6]
”And if any one of the Mushrikeen (polytheists) seeks your protection, give him protection until he listens to the Word of Allah.” (At-Taubah 9:6)
سَيَقُولُ الْمُخَلَّفُونَ إِذَا انْطَلَقْتُمْ إِلَى مَغَانِمَ لِتَأْخُذُوهَا ذَرُونَا نَتَّبِعْكُمْ يُرِيدُونَ أَنْ يُبَدِّلُوا كَلَامَ اللَّهِ [الفتح: 15]
”Those who remained behind will say, when you will proceed to the spoils (of war) to receive them: ‘Let us follow you’. They wish to change the Words of Allah.” (Al-Fath 48:15)
Those two Aayaat (Verses) prove that the Quraan is the “Words” and “Speech” of Allah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aalaa), the Almighty, that He has revealed to His Prophet Hadhrat Muhammad (SallAllaho ‘Alaihe WaSallam).
Hadhrat Jaabir bin ‘Abdullah reported that the Prophet (SallAllaho ‘Alaihe WaSallam) used to invite people to Islam during the Hajj season and would say:
أَلاَ رَجُلٌ يَحْمِلُنِي إِلَى قَوْمِهِ فَإِنَّ قُرَيْشًا قَدْ مَنَعُونِي أَنْ أُبَلِّغَ كَلاَمَ رَبِّي
” Which man will bring me to his people? For indeed the Quraish have prevented me from conveying the Speech of my Lord.” (At-Tirmizi and Ahmad)
Hence it is said that the Quraan is the Speech of Allah as unanimously agreed upon by all Muslims.
This fact is supported by several logical and tangible pieces of evidence including the following:
— The polytheists failed to produce a single verse, let alone a single Chapter, or a whole book like the Quraan despite the fact that they were utterly determined and extremely motivated to oppose and falsify the call of the Prophet (SallAllaho ‘Alaihe WaSallam). Furthermore, we must remember that they were the masters of the Arabic language, in which the Quraan was revealed. Certainly, this constitutes a definitive proof that the Quraan is the Speech of Allah, the Creator and Lord of the worlds, not that of humans.
— The Quran foretold many matters of the unseen and made several prophecies that were all fulfilled exactly as they were foretold. For example, the Persians defeated the Byzantines in one of their battles and the Quraan recorded this defeat foretelling that the Byzantines would defeat the Persians within three to nine years and this is what actually happened. Allah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aalaa), the Exalted, says:
غُلِبَتِ الرُّومُ • فِي أَدْنَى الْأَرْضِ وَهُمْ مِنْ بَعْدِ غَلَبِهِمْ سَيَغْلِبُونَ • فِي بِضْعِ سِنِينَ لِلَّهِ الْأَمْرُ مِنْ قَبْلُ وَمِنْ بَعْدُ وَيَوْمَئِذٍ يَفْرَحُ الْمُؤْمِنُونَ [الروم: 2-4]
“The Romans have been defeated, in the nearer land; and they, after their defeat, will triumph, within a few years. To Allah belonged the matter before and (to Him it belongs) thereafter. And on that day the believers will rejoice.” (Ar-Room 30:2-4)
— The Quran includes many miraculous scientific facts that were only discovered fourteen centuries later. For example, the Quraan told us about a barrier separating the salty water from the fresh water not to mix with each other. Allah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aalaa), the Exalted, says:
مَرَجَ الْبَحْرَيْنِ يَلْتَقِيَانِ • بَيْنَهُمَا بَرْزَخٌ لَا يَبْغِيَانِ [الرحمن: 19-20]
“He let forth the two seas to meet together, while there is a barrier between them; they do not encroach (upon one another).” (Ar-Rahmaan 55:19&20)
After about fourteen centuries, modern science confirmed this scientific fact.
— When one reads the Book of Allah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aalaa), he goes into a state of peace and tranquility unlike the human speeches or writings. Allah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aalaa), the Exalted, says:
الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَتَطْمَئِنُّ قُلُوبُهُمْ بِذِكْرِ اللَّهِ أَلَا بِذِكْرِ اللَّهِ تَطْمَئِنُّ الْقُلُوبُ [الرعد: 28]
“the ones who believe and their hearts are peaceful with the remembrance of Allah. Listen, the hearts find peace only in the remembrance of Allah.” (Ar-Ra’d 13:28)
— The Quraan is also a cure and it expels the devils when it is recited. Allah, the Almighty, says:
وَنُنَزِّلُ مِنَ الْقُرْآنِ مَا هُوَ شِفَاءٌ وَرَحْمَةٌ [الإسراء: 82]
“We reveal the Quraan, which is cure and mercy for the believers” (Al-Israa 17:82)
Of course, it is almost impossible to list all the evidences that prove that the Quraan is the Speech of Allah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aalaa) in one single article; however, we will conclude with the words of Al-Waleed ibn Al-Mugheerah, who was one of the senior leaders of the polytheists of Quraish, about the Quraan. He said: “What can I say? Whether it is about prose or poetry, or the poems of the Jinns, I possess greater knowledge than any other man. By God! The words spoken by this man cannot be compared with any of the others. By God, his words possess a charming sweetness and a particular beauty. The branches of his speech are laden with fruit while its roots are firmly entrenched in the soil from whence it proceeds. It is superior to all other discourses, and it is not possible for any other discourse to show it in poor light. For a surety it will conquer anything that comes under its own influence!” (Al-Haakim and Al-Bayhaqi)
This is the Quraan, the Speech of Allah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aalaa) that has been challenging humankind and proving its inability to produce something to its effect as to its eloquence, wise judgments, and authentic news. The challenge is still valid, and the inability of mankind to face that challenge remains. Thus, the Quraan will remain the everlasting argument of Allah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aalaa), the Almighty, against all opponents and disbelievers.