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Saahib-e-tarteeb:

Refers to a person who, from the time of maturity, did not miss any salaat, or, if he missed, he made qada of all of them. For further details, refer to the chapter on Qada salaat, mas'ala no.6.

Sadaqah-e-fitr:

Refers to the charity that is given on or prior to the day of eid ul-fitr. This sadaqah is wajib on those upon whom zakaat is wajib.

Saff:

Literally means "line". In kitaabus salaat it refers to the lines in which the musallis stand when offering their salaat with congregation.

Sahw:

Literally means "negligence or forgetfulness". In kitaabus salaat it refers to omitting or forgetting a particular act in salaat.

Sajdah:

The act of prostrating. Prostrating to anyone other than Allah Ta'ala is absolutely haraam in Islam.

Sajdah-e-sahw:

Refers to the prostration which becomes incumbent upon forgetting or omitting an act in salaat. For further details refer to the chapter on sajdah-e-sahw.

Sajdah-e-tilaawat:

Refers to the prostration which becomes incumbent upon reciting or hearing the verses of prostration of the Quran. For further details refer to the chapter on sajdah-e-tilaawat.

Salaam:

Literally means "peace". In kitaabus salaat it refers to the saying of "as salaamu alaykum wa rahmatullah" which denotes the end of the salaat.

Salaat-e-kusuf:

Refers to the salaat that is offered at the time of solar eclipse. For further details refer to the chapter on salaat-e-kusuf.

Shawwaal:

The tenth month of the Islamic calendar.

Sunnah:

Sunnah is that action which Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam did or sanctioned. Sunnah is of two types: sunnah-e-mu'akkadah and sunnah-e-ghayr mu'akkadah. Sunnah-e-mu'akkadah is that which Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam continuously carried out. To leave out such a type of sunnah is a sin and one is punished for this. However, there is no harm if one leaves it out because of some valid excuse. Sunnah-e-ghayr mu'akkadah is that which Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam carried out, but also left out at times without any reason. To follow such a type of sunnah entails reward and to leave it out does not necessitate any punishment.

Surah:

Refers to a chapter of the Quran. There are 114 surahs in the Quran.

Surah Faatihah:

This is the first or opening chapter of the Quran.

Surmah:

Antimony. A black powdery substance that is applied to the eyes. It is sunnah to apply this surmah.

Sutra:

Literally means "a cover or guard". In kitaabus salaat it refers to an object that a musalli places in front of him so that no one will walk in front of him while he is offering his salaat.



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