Literally means "evening or sunset". In kitaabus salaat it refers to the time of sunset and the salaat that is offered thereafter. This salaat is known as maghrib salaat or salaatul maghrib.
Refers to the person with whom marriage is not permissible and with whom strict purdah is not incumbent.
That which is disliked or detestable. Makruh is of two types: makruh-e-tahrimi and makruh-e-tanzihi. Makruh-e-tahrimi is that which has been established by a proof that is not absolute. The one who rejects it is regarded as a faasiq (open sinner). A person who does something that falls under this category without any valid reason will be committing a sin and will deserve punishment. Makruh-e-tanzihi is that which if left out, will be worthy of reward and if carried out, will not entail any punishment.
Literally means "a stopping place". In kitaabus salaat it refers to the distance travelled by a musafir.
The act of passing of wet hands over a particular part of the body.
Literally means "an issue, problem or question". In Islamic jurisprudence it refers to a rule or regulation. The plural of mas'ala is masaa'il.
A person who joins the jama'at after having missed one or more rakaats. For further details refer to the chapter "Masa'il connected to the imam and muqtadi" mas'ala no. 24.
Literally means "one who is excused". In Islamic jurisprudence it refers to a person who has certain sickness due to which he is excused or exempted from certain acts. For further details refer to the chapter concerning the ma'zur in Part One of Bahishti Zewar.
Refers to the small oval-shaped area in the front of a musjid which is specially designated for the imam when he leads the congregation in salaat.
Refers to the pulpit on which the imam stands and delivers the khutbah on Fridays and the days of eid.
One who calls out the adhaan.
One who joins the congregation without missing any rakaats.
A scholar of Hadith who has attained high ranks in the different sciences of Hadith.
Plural of mujtahid. A mujtahid is one who has the qualities of making ijtihaad (deriving rules and regulations through analogy).
A person who conveys the takbirs of the imam when the congregation is generally very large and there is no mike system.
A person who offers his salaat alone, i.e. not in congregation.
A person who is not a traveller. He is either at his own home or, if he has travelled, then he has made the intention of staying over at that place for more than fifteen days. For further details refer to the chapter "Salaat on a Journey".
A person who follows the imam in salaat.
Literally means "a renegade". In Islamic terminology it refers to a person who rejects Islam after having been a Muslim.
A traveller. For further details refer to the chapter "Salaat on a Journey".
Refers to a piece of cloth or carpet on which a person offers his salaat. Musalla is also used in Arabic to refer to a place where the eid salaat is offered.
One who is offering salaat.
Literally means "preferable or desirable". Refers to that an which was carried out by Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam or the Sahabah occasionally. Carrying out these actions entails reward and leaving them out does not entail any punishment.
Name of a place outside Makkah. Staying over in Muzdalifah is included among the rites of Hajj.
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