Literally means "godless, sinful, offender, sinner, adulterer". In Islamic law it refers to the person who does not meet the legal requirements of righteousness.
Literally means "dawn". Generally, it refers to the dawn prayer which is the first of the five daily prayers. It is also referred to as fajr salaat or salaatul fajr.
Plural of fard. Fard literally means "compulsory". In Islam it refers to those acts and things which are compulsory on a Muslim. Abandoning or abstaining from a fard act is a major sin. Rejecting a fard act amounts to kufr.
Refers to an act or duty which is incumbent and compulsory on each and every individual.
Refers to an act or duty which is incumbent and compulsory on the community as a whole. If a few members of the community or locality fulfil that act, the entire community will be absolved of that responsibility or duty. And if no one from that community or locality fulfils that responsibility or duty, the entire community will be sinful.
A formal legal opinion or verdict in Islamic law.
Literally means "ransom". In Islamic law it refers to redemption from the omission of certain religious duties by a material donation or a ritual act.
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