PREACHING OF PROPHETS
Speech of the believing man of Pharaoh’s family
وَقَالَ ٱلَّذِيٓ ءَامَنَ يَٰقَوۡمِ ٱتَّبِعُونِ أَهۡدِكُمۡ سَبِيلَ ٱلرَّشَادِ (38) يَٰقَوۡمِ إِنَّمَا هَٰذِهِ ٱلۡحَيَوٰةُ ٱلدُّنۡيَا مَتَٰعٌ وَإِنَّ ٱلۡأٓخِرَةَ هِيَ دَارُ ٱلۡقَرَارِ (39) مَنۡ عَمِلَ سَيِّئَةٗ فَلَا يُجۡزَىٰٓ إِلَّا مِثۡلَهَاۖ وَمَنۡ عَمِلَ صَٰلِحٗا مِّن ذَكَرٍ أَوۡ أُنثَىٰ وَهُوَ مُؤۡمِنٌ فَأُوْلَٰٓئِكَ يَدۡخُلُونَ ٱلۡجَنَّةَ يُرۡزَقُونَ فِيهَا بِغَيۡرِ حِسَابٖ (40) ۞وَيَٰقَوۡمِ مَا لِيٓ أَدۡعُوكُمۡ إِلَى ٱلنَّجَوٰةِ وَتَدۡعُونَنِيٓ إِلَى ٱلنَّارِ (41) تَدۡعُونَنِي لِأَكۡفُرَ بِٱللَّهِ وَأُشۡرِكَ بِهِۦ مَا لَيۡسَ لِي بِهِۦ عِلۡمٌ وَأَنَا۠ أَدۡعُوكُمۡ إِلَى ٱلۡعَزِيزِ ٱلۡغَفَّٰرِ (42) لَا جَرَمَ أَنَّمَا تَدۡعُونَنِيٓ إِلَيۡهِ لَيۡسَ لَهُۥ دَعۡوَةٌ فِي ٱلدُّنۡيَا وَلَا فِي ٱلۡأٓخِرَةِ وَأَنَّ مَرَدَّنَآ إِلَى ٱللَّهِ وَأَنَّ ٱلۡمُسۡرِفِينَ هُمۡ أَصۡحَٰبُ ٱلنَّارِ (43) فَسَتَذۡكُرُونَ مَآ أَقُولُ لَكُمۡۚ وَأُفَوِّضُ أَمۡرِيٓ إِلَى ٱللَّهِۚ إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ بَصِيرُۢ بِٱلۡعِبَادِ (44)
“And said he who had believed: ‘O my people! Follow me, I will show you the path
of guidance. O my people! This life of the world is only a (momentary) benefit,
while Aakhirah (the Hereafter) is, indeed, the place of permanent living. The
one who does something evil will not be punished but in its equal proportion,
but the one who does a righteous deed, be he male or female, while he is a
believer, then, such people will enter the Jannah (Paradise) where they will be
provided with bounties beyond reckoning. And O my people! ‘What is wrong with me
that I call you to salvation and you call me to the Fire? You invite me to
reject my belief in Allah and ascribe to Him partners about whom I have no
knowledge, while I invite you to (Him who is) the Mighty, the Most-Forgiving. It
is obvious that those (gods) to whom you are inviting me are not worth calling,
neither in this world nor in the world to come, and that we have to return back
to Allah, and that the transgressors are indeed the people of the Fire. Soon you
will remember what I am saying to you. And I entrust my matter with Allah.
Surely, Allah has all (His) servants in sight.’ ” (Ghaafir 40:38-44)
You can feel, through the words that all the above speeches came out with a
cover of light from the heart of the speakers.
It is a prerequisite for anyone who tells the people about their Creator that
his speech should come out from the heart.
Example of Prophet Muhammad (SallAllaho Alaihe WaSallam)'s speech in the battle
The same holds true for Prophet Muhammad (SallAllaho Alaihe WaSallam)'s speech.
"Verily the most veracious discourse is the book of Allah. The most trustworthy
handhold is the word of piety. The best of religions is the religion of Ibrahim.
The best of traditions is the Sunnah of Muhammad. The noblest speech is the
mentioning of Allah. The finest of narratives is this Quraan. The best of
affairs is that which has been firmly resolved upon. The worst matters are those
which are created without Godly sanction. The best of ways is the one trodden by
the Prophets. The noblest death is the death of a martyr. The most miserable
blindness is waywardness after guidance. The best of knowledge is that which is
beneficent. The best guidance is that which is put into practice. The worst
blindness is the blindness of the heart. The upper hand is better than the lower
(i.e., it is better to give than to receive). The little that suffices is better
than the abundant and alluring. The worst apology is that which is tendered when
death stares one in the face. The worst remorse is that which is felt on the Day
of Resurrection. Some men do not come to the Salatul Jumu’ah (Friday Prayer),
but with hesitance and delay. And some of them do not remember Allah but with
reluctance. The tongue that is addicted to false expression is a bubbling spring
of sins. The most valuable possession is contentment of the heart. The best
provision is that of piety. The highest wisdom is the awe of Allah. The best
thing to be cherished in the hearts is faith and conviction; doubt is part of
infidelity. Impatient wailing and fulsome praise of the dead is an act of
ignorance. Betrayal leads one to the fire of Hell. Liquor is the mother of
evils. Each one of you must resort to a place of four cubits (in the grave).
Your affairs will be decided ultimately in the next life. He who pardons is
himself granted pardon. He who forgives others, is forgiven by Allah. He who
represses anger, Allah rewards him. He who faces misfortunes with perseverance,
Allah compensates him. He who shows patience and forbearance, Allah gives him a
double reward. He who disobeys Allah, Allah chastises him". (al-Baihaqi)
This is a speech which came out from the Prophet Hadhrat Muhammad (SallAllaho
Alaihe WaSallam)'s heart so that it reached the people easily and it had a
considerable influence on them. It is a prerequisite for anyone who tells the
people about their Creator that his speech should come out from the heart.
If you want to offer advice to any one, you should mend your heart first. When
you have a sincere intention in your heart, your influence on people will be
stronger, i.e., people will understand your words and comprehend your gestures,
as mentioned in above lines.
The Prophet (SallAllaho Alaihe WaSallam)'s Sahaabah (Companions) also gave very
fluent speeches which did not only influence their audience but changed the
course of history as well.
Hadhrat Abu Bakr as-Siddeeq gave a very important first speech after he became a
Caliph. One of the most influential statements was the following: "I have been
given the authority over you, and I am not the best of you. If I do well, help
me; and if I do wrong, set me right".
Hadhrat `Umar ibn al-Khattab said: "When did you enslave people whose mothers
bore them free?"
Hadhrat `Uthman ibn `Affaan said: "O people, you need an active ruler not a
ruler who is a good speaker".
Hadhrat `Ali ibn Abi Taalib said: "The keeper of a safe dies and what he guards
and the treasures remain, however, a man of knowledge lives throughout the
Ibn `Ataa is right: If Allah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta'aalaa) allows a speaker to
express himself, people will understand his words and comprehend his gestures.