A RATIONALE APPROACH
Part– II (Final)
4. PERFECT ORDER AND INTELLIGENT DESIGN
Ancient Greek philosopher like Plato argued from design that there must be a
designer. Let us first talk about the order and design from science perspective.
Atheists believe in a “scientific” analysis of every claim and theological
principle. So let us employ the same science to verify the correctness of the
Atheist philosophy. In science, there is a vital law called thermodynamics.
Thermodynamic defines the fundamental physical quantities (temperature, energy,
and entropy) and describes how these quantities behave under various
circumstances. The entropy comes from a principle of thermodynamics dealing with
energy. It usually refers to “the amount of disorder always increases with time
and things progress naturally from order to disorder”.
In other word, entropy states “without a control or super power in any process,
this process proceeds into disorder and chaos‟.
If we leave kids’ room without housekeeping and cleaning, the room becomes messy
and untidy unless a housemaid takes actions. Similarly, if we leave any kitchen
for one week, this kitchen turns into disorder and chaotic profile unless a
housemaid takes actions. A hot cup of coffee will cools off with time.
The theories of the Big Bang and evolution propose the exact opposite which is
resulted in perfection. The concept that the universe exploded and then
developed in balanced perfection through random events and natural selection is
against the well-known science law i.e. entropy. In addition, it is little
diverse from the idea that, by dropping millions bombs in a desert, one of these
bombs will generate a perfect Mercedes Benz car!
This universe is a huge complex mathematical equation and it indicates great
complexity and perfect design. The life displays an amazingly complex level of
interdependency which logically leads to the conclusion that it was planned in
such intelligent way. Let us examine our giant surroundings, our solar system
and the planet Earth are finely-tuned to allow life to exist. Everything kept in
perfect balance so the universe hangs together and all living-creations can live
When we reflect upon the nature of our world, we see order everywhere from the
water cycle to the movement of the earth around the sun. Undoubtedly, it is more
reasonable to conclude that the Big Bang and evolution were controlled events
and no more validity to be the product of random chance. Plus, the Big Bang
theory has no pure explanation for: why this universe is resulted in
finely-tuned order to allow life to exist. Why this universe was not resulted in
just a plain order regardless of it is suitable for life or not...!
Many examples showing perfect design, here are a few. These examples are cited
from Mr. Sue Bohlin’s article: Our Earth, for instance, is perfectly designed
for life. It's the "just right” size for the atmosphere we need. Its size and
corresponding gravity hold a thin, but not too thin, layer of gases to protect
us and allow us to breathe. If our planet were smaller it couldn't support an
atmosphere, like on Mercury. If it were larger, like Jupiter, the atmosphere
would contain free hydrogen, which is poison for us. Earth is the only planet we
know of that contains an atmosphere that can support human, animal, and plant
life. The Earth is also placed at a "just right" distance from the sun and the
other planets in our solar system. If we were closer to the sun, we'd burn up.
If we were farther away, we'd freeze. Because Earth's orbit is nearly circular,
this slightly elliptical shape means that we enjoy a quite narrow range of
temperatures, which is important to life. The speed of Earth’s rotation on its
axis, completing one turn every 24 hours, means that the sun warms the planet
evenly. Compare our world to the moon, where there are incredible temperature
variations because it lacks sufficient atmosphere or water to retain or deflect
the sun's energy.
Water itself is an important part of a "just right" world. Plants, animals and
human beings are mostly made of water, and we need it to live. One of the things
that makes Earth unique is the abundance of water in a liquid state. Water has
surface tension. This means that water can move upward, against gravity, to
bring liquid nutrients to the tops of the tallest plants. Everything else in the
world freezes from the bottom up, but water freezes from the top down.
Everything else contracts when it freezes, but water expands. This means that in
winter, ponds and rivers and lakes can freeze at the surface, but allow fish and
other marine creatures to live down below. The fact that we live on a "just
right" planet in a "just right" universe is evidence that it all was created by
a loving God.
Now when we see the order in the universe, isn't it rational to say that this
universe has an organizer? When we look at the complexity of the universe; is it
possible to say this happened by chance? So it would be rational to believe that
this complex universe is a signature of the Creator. In another analogy, this
‘Creator’ is best explained by the existence of God.
God is the perfect being. As He is most perfect, He must have all perfections.
As He is perfect He must exist. God not only created our universe, but sustains
it today. God said in his Holy Book:
أَلَمۡ نَجۡعَلِ ٱلۡأَرۡضَ مِهَٰدٗا(6) وَٱلۡجِبَالَ أَوۡتَادٗا(7) وَخَلَقۡنَٰكُمۡ أَزۡوَٰجٗا(8) وَجَعَلۡنَا نَوۡمَكُمۡ سُبَاتٗا(9) وَجَعَلۡنَا ٱلَّيۡلَ لِبَاسٗا(10) وَجَعَلۡنَا ٱلنَّهَارَ مَعَاشٗا(11) وَبَنَيۡنَا فَوۡقَكُمۡ سَبۡعٗا شِدَادٗا(12) وَجَعَلۡنَا سِرَاجٗا وَهَّاجٗا(13) وَأَنزَلۡنَا مِنَ ٱلۡمُعۡصِرَٰتِ مَآءٗ ثَجَّاجٗا(14) لِّنُخۡرِجَ بِهِۦ حَبّٗا وَنَبَاتٗا(15) وَجَنَّٰتٍ أَلۡفَافًا(16)
“Did We not make the earth a floor, and the mountains bulwarks? And We have
created you in pairs, and made your sleep a source of rest, and made the night a
covering, and made the day a source of livelihood. And We have built seven
strong (skies), And We have sent down abundant water from the rain-laden clouds,
so that We bring out therewith grain and vegetation, and thick gardens.” (an-Nabaa
5. MORALITY VALUE
People through the history established laws and regulations which are designed
to maintain social order, protect the rights, ensure availability of justice and
punish people who commit crimes. However, the history has lots of pain, unfair
and oppression. We obviously observed many cases where the oppressors and the
oppressed ones, the sinners and the noble ones were not reckoned justly and
fairly. Certain crimes and evils were not adequately punished in this world
because the criminals somehow escaped or due to the corruption of judge. Lots of
punishments and recognitions did not occur in this world. Countless of criminals
were not fully punished and countless of trustworthy-people were not recognized
fairly. Is it logical that these criminals and sinners will be just buried
forever in the cemetery without any accountability?
History shows that any form of not-realization the existence of the God resulted
in the corruption and immorality of the people. The experience of history proves
that denial of the reality of the God’s existence and denial of the second life
is fatal to mankind. As a result, chaos, corruption and disorder in the society
will be expected. If there is no second life, our ends will be same, in that we
just pass out of existence, what meaning does that give our lives? If there is
no God, there is no value for morality and our lives do not have any ultimate
meaning and significance purpose. If there is no God, everything is permitted.”
Indeed, everything is permissible if God does not exist.
The rationale approach is like this: this life is a test and the ultimate
justice for punishments and rewards will be established by God in the next life,
the Aakhirah (Hereafter). The full justice is that a complete record of all
actions and deeds is maintained so that even what forgotten should not be
missed. This belief will function as alarm bells, as warnings to anyone who is
going to commit sin or mistake. It also encourages people to come to their
senses and to change direction to better way. Believing in the existence of God
reminds us that good and evil are the two pans of the balance in which our deeds
will be weighed, and no moral corruption will go unpunished.
In brief, there is a God, All knowing, The Wise Being, The Fair Being,
absolutely independent and far above any partiality. In the second life,
everyone has to be reckoned according to the performance of his / her deeds in
6. THE MIRACLES
God sent messengers to guide mankind to the straight path and spread God’s
message of compassion and mercy, as well as to call mankind to worship God
alone. God’s Prophets were supported with miracles to authenticate God’s message
and to confirm that this person (the messenger) was sent from God. Ultimately,
miracles served to prove God’s existence and oneness.
A miracle is defined as an extraordinary event that surpasses all known human or
natural powers and is attributed to a supernatural cause (God). This miracle
usually happened on the hands of the prophets. For example: Prophet Jesus cured
the blind and the leper, and gave life to the dead by the permission of God.
Prophet Moses had a staff (stick) which was used to produce water from a rock,
and this stick was transformed into a snake by the permission of God.
Prophet Muhammad (SallAllaho Alaihe WaSallam) was given the Holy Quraan as an
everlasting miracle. The Holy Quraan, which has been revealed in Arabic
language, is a miracle of wisdom and it is a complete true revelation. It is a
miracle of purity of style and unique pattern. Despite of the Arabs’ proficiency
in Arabic language eloquence, poetry and rhetoric, they were unable to come up
with a single Aayah (Verse) which is similar to a single verse in the Holy
Quraan. The Holy Quran is still preserved from perversion and remains
unchallenged until the Day of Resurrection.
Such actions (miracles) clearly are attributed to a supernatural being, and they
are signs attesting to the truth which is the existence of God and the validity
of God’s religion.