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A RATIONALE APPROACH

Br. Mohammed

1. INNATE
Believing in God it seems to be something built in the human mind and heart. Consequently, it is not surprising to find that all human societies throughout human history, with very few exceptions, have believed in the existence of God. If we look throughout the history of mankind, definitely we find that the majority of people have believed in God. Ancient Greek philosophers like Plato and Aristotle rationally concluded that God must exist.

In same line, psychologists have long held that belief in God was acquired by nurture. A senior researcher at the University of Oxford Centre for Anthropology and Mind, states: “If we threw a handful of children on an island and they raised themselves, they would believe in God”. In nutshell, each of us is born with an innate sense of belief in God and it develops naturally. Our minds and sense are designed to believe in God. Contrary, dis-believing in God is something which is unnatural to the human being.

2. THERE ARE NO ATHEISTS IN FOXHOLES
In the time of extreme stress or fear, all people seek help from higher power and search for Hope. They moreover pray supplications to God and they invoke God to save them at that hard moment. It plainly means that people really affirms God’s presence and believe in Him. This situation is described in the Holy Scripture, the Holy Quraan.

أَلَمۡ تَرَ أَنَّ ٱلۡفُلۡكَ تَجۡرِي فِي ٱلۡبَحۡرِ بِنِعۡمَتِ ٱللَّهِ لِيُرِيَكُم مِّنۡ ءَايَٰتِهِۦٓۚ إِنَّ فِي ذَٰلِكَ لَأٓيَٰتٖ لِّكُلِّ صَبَّارٖ شَكُورٖ (31)وَإِذَا غَشِيَهُم مَّوۡجٌ كَٱلظُّلَلِ دَعَوُاْ ٱللَّهَ مُخۡلِصِينَ لَهُ ٱلدِّينَ فَلَمَّا نَجَّىٰهُمۡ إِلَى ٱلۡبَرِّ فَمِنۡهُم مُّقۡتَصِدٌۚ وَمَا يَجۡحَدُ بِ‍َٔايَٰتِنَآ إِلَّا كُلُّ خَتَّارٖ كَفُورٖ(32)

“Did you not see that the ships sail through the sea by the grace of Allah, so that He shows you some of His signs? In that, indeed, there are signs for every man of patience and gratitude. And when they are covered by waves like canopies, they pray to Allah, having faith exclusively in Him. Then, once He brings them safe to the land, some of them remain balanced, (while others turn ungrateful by denying Allah‘s signs.) And no one denies Our signs except every ungrateful traitor.” (Luqman 31:31-32)

Let us take Pharaoh, the king of Egypt during Prophet Moses’ time, 14th BC century, as a real example of this circumstance. Pharaoh denied the existence of God publically. Pharaoh said to his people: “I am your lord, I am the most high".

But when Pharaoh was drowning in The Red Sea and about to die, he said: "I believe in God’ existence and none has the right to be worshipped except God”.

وَجَٰوَزۡنَا بِبَنِيٓ إِسۡرَٰٓءِيلَ ٱلۡبَحۡرَ فَأَتۡبَعَهُمۡ فِرۡعَوۡنُ وَجُنُودُهُۥ بَغۡيٗا وَعَدۡوًاۖ حَتَّىٰٓ إِذَآ أَدۡرَكَهُ ٱلۡغَرَقُ قَالَ ءَامَنتُ أَنَّهُۥ لَآ إِلَٰهَ إِلَّا ٱلَّذِيٓ ءَامَنَتۡ بِهِۦ بَنُوٓاْ إِسۡرَٰٓءِيلَ وَأَنَا۠ مِنَ ٱلۡمُسۡلِمِينَ(90)

“And We let the children of Isra‘il cross the sea. So, Pharaoh and his troops chased them in transgression and hostility, until when he was about to drown, he said, .I believe that there is no god but the One in whom the children of Isra‘il believe, and I am among those who submit to Allah.” (Younus 10:90)

In short note, some people denying the existence of God outwardly, but inwardly they truly recognize the reality of God’s existence and seek His refuge in severe stress.

3. CAUSALITY LAW
Before commencing, let us first define the Causality Law. The Causality Law is the relation between an event (the cause) and a second event (the effect), where the second event is understood as a physical consequence of the first. It is clear obvious that things do not come into existence from nothing without cause and everything which comes into existence is caused to exist by something else.

In addition, nothing can cause itself to come into existence. Anything that causes itself to come into existence has to exist before it exists. Can a thing just pop into existence with absolutely no cause? This also does not seem reasonable and it is impossible.

Suppose there is a picture hanged in a wall and there is a 6-year old child. Then, this child asks: “Where did this picture come from?”

I reply: “It just popped there and it came from nothing”.

Would this child accept this assumption? Or it would be quite strange?

The point is that if we see a painting, we know there is a painter. When we look at a building we know there is a builder. So when we view creation, shouldn't we know there's a Creator? Why it makes different when it comes with God. The world, which is much more complex than a building, must also have been designed by a great Designer or Divine maker (God).

According to Cosmology the universe had a beginning some 14 billion years ago with a cosmic event commonly known as the 'Big Bang'. The Big Bang Theory states that the universe was in a very high density state and then expanded. After the initial expansion (sudden explosion), the universe cooled sufficiently to allow the formation of subatomic particles, and later simple atoms. Giant clouds of these primordial elements later coalesced through gravity to form stars and galaxies. It seems that The Big Bang Theory may explain the origin of the universe, but it does not have an explanation for the sudden explosion and it doesn't explain the origin of the primordial dust cloud and where did that come from? Who, or what, created the primordial dust cloud?

Imagine you heard a loud bang, and you asked 'where did that sound come from?' Would you be satisfied with the answer that it came from nothing and it just happened?' Of course, not. You would say ‘what was the cause of that loud bang?' In the same way, rationally the ‘Big Bang’ must also have a cause (creator).

Now we can ask since the universe has a creator, who created that creator? Then we will ask, who created that creator? Then we will ask again, who created that creator? And so on and so on. But this can't go on forever and must end with an uncreated creator.

We can conclude that this creator must be powerful as it caused the whole universe into existence and it must be intelligent as it caused the 'laws of science' which govern the universe. Also, this creator must be timeless, spaceless and immaterial. Finally, since it is uncaused it must have always existed. All these attributes of the creator make up the basic concept of God. God is the uncreated first cause of the universe.

Let me recap this part with a real story of an Arabian man (7th Century) who denied the existence of God. This man was sent by his people to run a negotiation with the God’s prophet (Mohammad) regarding some issues. The man arrived at the Prophet’s city during the time of Salaah (Prayers).

The Prophet was offering Salaah and reciting some Aayaat (Verses) of the Holy Quraan and this man was astonishingly listening to that Aayaat. The Prophet was reciting:

 أَمۡ خُلِقُواْ مِنۡ غَيۡرِ شَيۡءٍ أَمۡ هُمُ ٱلۡخَٰلِقُونَ (35) أَمۡ خَلَقُواْ ٱلسَّمَٰوَٰتِ وَٱلۡأَرۡضَۚ بَل لَّا يُوقِنُونَ(36)

“Is it that they are created by none, or are they themselves the creators? Or have they created the heavens and the earth? No, but they are sure of nothing.” (at-Toor 52:35-36)

When this man heard these Aayaat, he said: My heart is about to flutter, my heart is about to fly”.

Upon these Aayaat, this man acknowledged the existence of God and realized that there is a God. Actually, there are three logical possibilities in these Aayaat.

Humans were created from nothing. This proposal violates basic reason which is something cannot come from nothing and nothing cannot create something.

Humans created themselves. This is also an illogical and contradictory proposition. To create one’s self, one must already exist.

Humans themselves created the heavens and the earth. This is far away from human capability and has no sense.

The only remaining possibility is that humans and the universe were created by a being which is not itself created (God).
(Continued)
 

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