THE MERITS OF ISLAM
Shaikh Hafiz Muhammad Idris Kandhelavi
From head to foot wherever I see, the miracle of the bottom of heart presses
that this is the place for honor.
All the principles and rules of Islam are most reasonable and proved. The Ulamaa
(Learned Muslim Scholars) have written definite books on the principles and
beliefs of the Islamic Shari’ah and given the rational proofs, the causes, the
hidden logics, expediencies of its provisions and the rules. In these books, the
principles and rules of Islam have been shown to be according to sound reason,
right understanding and true nature. If any person raised any objection on any
religious question, the Ulamaa gave a very reasonable, logical and complete
answer to it.
Islam pointed out such wonderful ways of serving and worshipping Allah
(Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aalaa), as are not to be found either in any other revealed
book or in any worldly religion.
Islam has given thorough details of the obligations towards Allah (Subhaanahu Wa
Ta’aalaa), towards self and towards fellow beings; even a hundredth part of
which is not to be found in any other religion.
No constitution and no law can compete with the perfect political system of a
country or a city constitution and the rules of justice, administration and
international security, that is presented by Islam. Take the constitution and
Law of America, Britain or any other country; you will find by going through
them that they are based on the expediencies of a particular territory, and
whichever law is enacted, it will be found to contain particularly the element
of domination and preference of a particular nation and a particular territory.
On the contrary, the law promulgated by Islam, enunciates the rights of mankind
without distinction of race and colour. No branch of Islamic law is based on the
expediencies and objects of any particular territory and particular race. The
proof of this is, whenever any problem presents itself in the world, whether it
be about the agreement and treaty with any nation or about war and whether it be
about the internal administration or foreign policy’ of the country, a
commandment relating to it will certainly be found in Shari’ah.
In Akbarabad (Agra), India, an Englishman demanded proof of the truth of Islam
from an Aalim (Muslim Scholar). The scholar gave some proof about the truth of
Islam and related the miracles of the Prophet (SallAllaho Alaihe WaSallam) which
proved him to be a true Prophet (SallAllaho Alaihe WaSallam). The Englishman
admitted the truth of these proofs but said that there was one more proof about
the truth of Islam. He said that their (English) constitutional and
administrative law was framed with the deliberations and consultations of
hundreds of wise men and politicians of the country and was completed in
hundreds of years and in spite of all this, some law or the other needs
amendment and alteration every four or five years. On the other hand, the law of
Shari’ah was setup in a period of 23 years through the tongue of a person not
knowing reading and writing, without the consultation of anybody, and no
amendment and alteration was needed in it until now, nor did it show any sign of
weakness as to its stability and constitution. Such a complete and extensive
constitution and code cannot be made without revelation from Allah (Subhaanahu
Wa Ta’aalaa). The Aalim then inquired of that Englishman as to why he did not
embrace Islam. He replied that if he did so, his service and salary would come
to an end. On hearing this, the Aalim kept quiet. It came to be known afterwards
that the Englishman embraced Islam some time later. (Page No. 240 of Tuhfatul
No other religion contains even a shadow of the science of ethics and manners as
contained in Islam. This will be proved by a perusal of the books
“Ihyaa-ul-Uloom” (Renaissance of Learning) and “Kimyaa-e-Sa’aadat” (Alchemy of
Virtue), both by Imam Gazali. All these things are taken from the Holy Quraan
and Hadeeth of Prophet (SallAllaho Alaihe WaSallam).
No other religion contains the injunctions about the prevention and restraint of
the carnal desires, evil instincts and worldly pleasures and about the
protection of the chastity and character of women as are found in Islam.
Islam enjoined Hijaab for women and prohibited men from casting their looks on
women, so that the chastity and character of women may not be tarnished and
descent and progeny may not become doubtful.
Islam has prohibited singing and music because it leads to sexual waywardness.
Islam has prohibited alcoholic drink because it takes away the faculty of reason
which is the most valuable gift in the world. Therefore, the Shari’ah of Islam
has prohibited all those intoxicating things which cause the destruction and
annihilation of the faculty of reason. People should be thankful to Islam which
has protected our faculties of reason, upon which depends our faith and worldly
Islam has prohibited usury and gambling which are the causes of man’s spiritual
and temporal degeneration. Islam enjoins you to advance “Qarz-e-Hasanah” (Loan
without Interest) to others when they need it. That is, you should help them by
advancing loan without interest and if you gain some profit out of any pledged
article, such profit should be credited towards the principal loan. Help the
needy when they are in need and advance loans to them without making them feel
obliged. Allah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aalaa) is not kind to one who is not kind to
men. This is the teaching of Islam.
The creed of usury tells you that you should take advantage of the miseries and
needs of the needy, and should increase wealth by advancing loan on interest to
them, without doing any work or labor. If the debtor is unable to pay the debt
in time, give him further time with a smiling face, so that the interest is
doubled and triple trebled and you may eventually put his house and property to
The results of usury are briefly as follows:
1) Mutual help and obligation come to an end.
2) It makes a man hard-hearted instead of kind-hearted.
3) One addicted to this evil is pleased to see others in trouble and he is
always on the look out to find a needy person so that by showing sympathy, he
may be able to entrap him in the net of loan and get his property auctioned.
4) When avarice and greed of wealth is augmented, his conscience teaches him
various ways of dishonesty and fraud.
5) Gradually such a person becomes indolent and a pleasure-seeker. When he sees
that he accumulated so much wealth to enable him to earn thousands, rather lacs,
of rupees without any exertion and labor, he does not care to take the trouble
of indulging in trade, cultivation of land or industry, upon which depends the
progress of the country. If the capitalists invest their capital only to secure
interest and do not establish any industrial factory, the country will not make
In short, Islam has completely prohibited indulgence in revelry and carnal
desires, and has made adequate provision for the protection of honor, chastity,
descent and progeny of women. It has also prohibited the dirtiness of usury,
because Islam does not tolerate such an acquisition of money which generates
dishonesty, fraud, cruelty, hard-heartedness and pleasure over the trouble of
Communism exhorts the poor to rob the capital of the capitalists and bring them
down to the level of beggars and laborers.
But Islam enjoins the rich and wealthy people to pay the Zakaah and to help the
poor by giving alms to them without letting other people know of it in the
least. It is not valid for you to let your neighbor go to bed hungry. When you
give alms and charity to anybody, you should not press your obligation upon him,
but you should thank Allah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aalaa) who enabled you to help
others, because if Allah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aalaa) wished He could do the
reverse. If any needy person be not inclined to accept charity, help him by
advancing Qarz-e-Hasanah (Loan without Interest) to him.
Islam enjoins the poor not to cast their looks on the property of others, to
remain content with their poverty, rather, to be grateful to Allah (Subhaanahu
Wa Ta’aalaa) because poverty is also a blessing which was conferred by Allah
(Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aalaa) on His friends. Prophet Ibrahim (Khaleelullah), Prophet
Moosaa (Kaleemullah) and Eesaa (Roohullah) were blessed with the gift of poverty
and He granted Namrood, Pharaoh and the Jews the tempting sovereignty of this
transient world. When the rulers of states were intoxicated with power, wealth
and position and became so proud and haughty as to defy that very Allah
(Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aalaa) Who had granted the kingdom to them, Allah (Subhaanahu
Wa Ta’aalaa) after the lapse of centuries, destroyed them all in no time. Now
you may compare the preachings of communism with the teachings of Islam.
Islam is the gist of the Shari’ah of all the prophets and the essence of wisdom
of all the wise men. There is not a single good and virtue which has not been
enjoined and there is not a single evil and vicious act which has not been
prohibited. Imam Rabbani Mujaddid Alf-e-Thaani in one of his letters says: “The
personality of Sarwar-e-Aalam (Leader of the Universe) Allah (Subhaanahu Wa
Taáalaa)’s Messenger (SallAllaho Alaihe WaSallam), was the reflector of all the
attributes and virtues. The Book which was revealed on him, that is, the Holy
Quraan, is the gist of all the Divine Books which were revealed on all the
prophets and his Shari’ah is the gist and essence of all those Shari’ah and the
practices and religious services of his Shari’ah are the combinations of the
religious services of the angels and of the whole universe. Some Angels are
ordained to undertake Rukoo’ (Bowing) some Sujood (Prostration) some Qiyaam
(Standing erect). In Salaah (Prayer) all these services are combined. On
previous communitie, some had the morning prayer as obligatory, others had other
prayers and on this community (of Islam) all the prayers have been made
obligatory. The religious services of this community are the combination of the
different religious services of the earlier communities. Therefore, to act on
the Shari’ah of Muhammad (SallAllaho Alaihe WaSallam), as a matter of fact, is
to act upon all the Shari’ah; and to deny the Shari’ah of Muhammad (SallAllaho
Alaihe WaSallam) is to deny all the Shari’ah. To affirm our Prophet (SallAllaho
Alaihe WaSallam) is to affirm all the prophets, and to deny him to deny all the
prophets. Therefore, the believers in him are the best communities and the
deniers of him are the worst of communities.” (Extract from 79th Maktoob from
The Economic law of Islam is based on this principle that no one should be left
unprovided for. It is the primary duty of an Islamic State that it should
establish a “Bait-ul-Maal” (Public Treasury) and realize Zakaah, charities and
other recoveries and spend the Zakaah collected from a particular town on the
poor and the destitute of that town and to spend only that portion of it
elsewhere which is left after making provision for the deserving people of that
town. It is also the duty of an Islamic State that if any non-Muslim is unable
to earn livelihood, he should be maintained from the Bait-ul-Maal of the Islamic
The judicial and criminal system of Islam is fully responsible for maintenance
of public peace and order. It enjoins to cut the hands of the thieves so that no
thief may dare even to look at the property of others. It enjoins to whip and
stone the adulterers so that no bad character be able to defile the chastity and
character of women and may not thereby make doubtful the descent and progeny of
any family, and thus prevent the illegitimate issues from becoming co-sharers in
the inheritance along with the legitimate issues.
The present form of Government not only fails to prevent the theft and adultery,
but allows them to thrive day by day, and the simpletons regard it as progress
and democracy and regard the Islamic penal law to be barbarous. By Allah
(Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aalaa), Reason tells us that this barbarity is far better as
compared to the prevailing civilization and democracy which puts the honor and
property into danger. There is no latitude for the thieves and the bad
characters in the Islamic law as said: “It is as bad to do good to the bad as to
do evil to the good”.
The fact that a particular law of the land creates anxiety among the thieves and
the bad characters, is a clear proof of that law being just and right.
Therefore, the fact that Islamic Penal law makes the thieves and knaves nervous
is a clear proof of its being just and right.
The Islamic law is plain and clear and not vague and complicated. The Islamic
law does not tolerate that a case should remain pending for tens of years and
the time and money of the parties should be wasted on the hearings; and the
court that fails to grasp the facts of each case within a reasonable time is in
all probability itself afflicted with the evils of bribery and corruption. In
Islamic law there is no room for a barrister or a lawyer to prove the truth as
falsehood and vice versa. The law which is so flexible that a lawyer may turn it
in any direction he pleases, cannot be a just law, but a crookedness. In law and
justice, there is no likelihood of any interference. English Law is known as
susceptible to any interpretation. Islamic law is the law of justice. It only
tends to do justice. It is rigid and not capable of being turned to any other