A TIME OF CONTEMPLATION AND
Milestones are markers fundamental to the human psyche. As we near the end of
the calendar year, outside of the controversies surrounding the months of
Ramadhaan and Zul Hijjah, have we given any thought to the other months of the
Hijri (Islamic) calendar? In fact, could we even say that we know the Islamic
months and could we recall them in order?
It is especially imperative for Muslims living outside of Muslim majority
nations to maintain a connection to Allah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aalaa) through the
specific Prophetic acts of worship encouraged during each particular month and
to understand the significance of the Islamic months as they relate to the life
of a Muslim.
This week marks the end of the Islamic Year 1432 and with it, the opportunity
for a new dawn in nearness to our Creator in 1433, InshaaAllah. It is an
opportunity to reflect on the year that has passed and to ask Allah (Subhaanahu
Wa Ta’aalaa) to forgive our sins and the sins of our brethren. Additionally, it
is a time to look forward to new beginnings and to seek greater closeness to
Allah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aalaa) and the Prophet Muhammad (SallAllaho Alaihe
WaSallam) by striving to embody our own humanity through consciousness of Allah
(Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aalaa) and service to others.
The first month of the Islamic year is the Month of Muharram and it is one of
the sacred months. The month of Muharram contains a special day, the tenth day.
It is narrated in Prophetic traditions that the tenth of Muharram was the day
Allah decreed for emancipation of Bani Israel (the children of Israel – Prophet
Jacob – peace and blessing of Allah be upon him) from the tyranny of the
Pharaohs. The Jews were freed from their slavehood and the tyrants were dealt
the justice of Divine intervention.
In a time and place, where those who submitted to the Divine will of Allah
(Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aalaa) were methodically persecuted because of their beliefs;
by being enslaved, having their children systematically killed and their women
systematically assaulted, the relevance of the story of Bani Israel in Egypt
bares particular significance for those who submit in contemporary times and are
subject to current trends of a similar nature. Therefore, the significance of
Aashura must be more profound to the believer as we approach the end of 2011.
It has also been mentioned that the tenth of Muharram was the day Allah
(Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aalaa) selected to save the people of Prophet Nooh (Noah —
peace and blessing of Allah be upon him) from the floods. The common thread in
the stories of the Prophets Nooh and Moosaa (Moses — peace and blessing of Allah
be upon them both) are that Allah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aalaa) changed the
circumstances of the people once they sincerely repented for their misgivings
and they firmly entrenched themselves in the ways of their respective Prophets.
The above scenario is identical for the people of our time; if we yearn to have
our grievances alleviated and to establish justice and peace, we must repent to
Allah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aalaa) and become righteous. Without this vital step,
our condition will not change and our sorrows will deepen. Other practical
solutions need to be implemented but without internal change in our perceptions
and external change in our actions, Allah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aalaa)’s divine
assistance will not grace our lives or the lives of humanity. This realization
and application is the fundamental step!
How can one day have so much significance? The Prophet (SallAllaho Alaihe
WaSallam) is recorded as saying in the fasting of the day of Arafah, I hope
Allah will expiate thereby for the year before it and the year after it, and in
fasting the day of Ashoora, I hope Allah will expiate thereby for the year that
came before it.
Therefore, the AllMighty Lord of the Mercy and Grace pardons a whole year of
minor sins and the abovementioned repentance is required to expiate the major
sins. Once people repent the divine assistance of Allah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aalaa)
begins to descend.
When the Prophet Muhammad (SallAllaho Alaihe WaSallam) migrated to Madinah al
Munawwarah, he witnessed the Jews fasting Ashoora and he asked why they fasted
this day. He was told it was the day Allah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aalaa) emancipated
Prophet Moosaa and his followers from the Pharaohs, so Prophet Moosaa used to
fast this day in gratitude to Allah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aalaa). A Prophetic
tradition states that the best Sawm (fasting) after Sawm in the month of
Ramadhaan is the fasting of the tenth day of the Muharram, known as the Day of
Ashoora. The Prophet recommended fasting on the tenth and also the ninth of
Furthermore, leading up to New Years Eve (1 January), people, generally, begin
to think about their life and some even make resolutions about how they will
approach the new year and their work, health and relationships. Could I suggest
that believers also use the beginning of the Islamic New Year to also make New
Year’s resolutions? Instead of resolutions about material progression, the
resolutions of a believer would and should be about one’s progression on the
path of enlightenment and nearness to the Creator.
My suggestion would be that each person makes specific intentions for the year
regarding; the amount of money one donates to charity, saving the amount of time
one wastes on idle pursuits (such as the internet, chatting, DVD’s and the
like), memorizing verses of Quraan or Prophetic Traditions, making quality time
to spend with family, assisting one’s mother and/or father, speaking well with
one’s siblings, furthering Islamic knowledge, serving those less fortunate and
thanking Allah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aalaa) for the all blessing and bounties for
which He has bestowed upon us. In addition, it helps to write down intentions
and to regularly review those intentions in order to fulfill those commitments
I beg Allah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aalaa) to accept all our deeds for the previous
year and to pardon all of our sins, I also beg Allah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aalaa) to
make the upcoming year one of great prosperity and advancement for all who
proclaim to submit to the Divine will of the Most Merciful Creator of all that
is in existence1