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RELIGIOUS VIEW OF
WELL-BEING OF MAN

Dr. Alauddin Kharofa      

This is a lecture of the learned scholar on the topic which he gave in a conference in which he presented some important aspects of the topic. 

First of all, I would like to thank my brother, Dr Zakariyya, chairman of the conference, for inviting me to talk on this occasion, on the topic of Islamic view of the well-being of man. I feel embarrassed indeed to talk to you on this subject, because you are more qualified than me to talk about it, since you are experts in the science of the body of man.

The view of Islam about the well-being of man is to abstain from everything that it has forbidden, and to do everything that it has commanded him to do.

If anyone studies in detail the science of jurisprudence, he will be amazed how Islam takes care of man, not only from his childhood, but even before he was born.

Let us begin with the first stage of human being, the foetus. Islam considers foetus a human being who has right in inheritance. Islam gave the foetus part of the inheritance to be kept until it is born.

After birth and during childhood if the parents are separated, Islam recommends that the child has to stay with the woman, to be suckled and raised by a woman, and not by a man at this age.

I mean from the day he is born until the age of 7 or 9, according to the opinion of different scholars, he has to stay with a woman. It is obvious that the woman is more patient than the man in this regard.

She will suckle and raise the child happily. We see mothers spending days and nights, raising their children and they do so without any complaint. It is a secret of Allah.

Islam recommends parents to be patient with the child and raise him according to the teachings and principles of Islam. Parents should teach the child the most important method of worship, the Salaah (Prayers), and should persuade him to offer Salaah at the age of seven.

Then Islam ordered the children to obey their parents totally and blindly, since they cannot have any better well-wisher than them.

Islam urges its followers to acquire knowledge. Allah says in His Book:

Are those equal, ones who know and ones who do not know? It is those who are endued with understanding that receive admonition. (Zumar 39:9)

In another verse, Allay says: Those truly fear Allah, among his servants, who have knowledge: For Allah is exalted in might, Oft- forgiving. (Faatir 35: 28)

Allah will raise up: to (suitable) ranks (and degrees), those of you who believe and who have been granted knowledge. (Mujaadilah 58: 11)

Knowledge in Islam is very important. Its importance can be grasped by the fact that the very first word of Wahi (revelation) is lqra (read).

And one chapter of the Divine Book (chapter 68), bears the title Qalam, which means The Pen. The implement of writing, and writing is the art which has preserved all knowledge for man. Its first verse reads:

Nun. By the Pen and by the (record) which angels write.

At the very beginning of the Holy Quraan, we read in Surah Baqarah about the angels, who expressed their reservations about Hadhrat Adams fitness to be Allahs vicegerent on earth.

Allah convinced them that Hadhrat Adam had this fitness, because he had knowledge of the names of the things which they (the angels) did not have.

The angles had to concede that Adam was superior to them, because he had knowledge, and he was, therefore, worthy of being Allahs vicegerent on earth.

Our Prophet, Muhammad (SallAllaho alaihe wasallam) himself equated knowledge with noor (light), and a blessing of Allah, and in all his life, he urged his Sahaabah and his Ummah to acquire it.

Islam is responsible to protect his body as well as his soul, and let us see how it protects the body.

First to protect the mind of man which is a part of the body, Islam legislated the prohibition of liquor. If a man is going to drink liquor, he is going to lose his mind. Then he is going to commit crimes.

In addition to that, liquor is hurting the body of human beings. Therefore, Islam has forbidden the consumption of all kinds of liquor. You too know well the damage that liquor does to the body and mind of the man.

To protect the whole body of a human being, Islam has legislated capital punishment for the intentional killer. Allah says:

Nor take life, which Allah has made sacred, except for just cause. And if anyone is slain wrongfully, we have given his heir the authority (to demand Qisaas or to forgive): but let him not exceed bounds in the matter of taking life, for he is helped (by the law). (Bani Israel 17: 33)

In another verse, Allah says: In the law of punishment there is (saving of) life to you, O ye men of understanding: that ye may restrain yourselves. (Baqarah 2: 179)

And our Holy Prophet Muhammad (SallAllaho alaihe wasallam) said, This human being is a building of Allah on this earth, and Allah is going to destroy anyone who is going to destroy this building.

The Islamic view of the crime of killing is absolutely the best. To protect the wealth of a human being, Islam has legislated the chopping off of ones hand. Allah says in the Holy Quraan:

As to the thief, male or female, cut off his or her hands: a punishment by way of example from Allah for their crime, and Allah is exalted in power. (Al Maaidah: 41)

This type of punishment seems to be very severe but I would like to tell that this punishment is not on every sort of theft. If a person steals a bread, this is not the punishment. Similarly if the stolen thing was not guarded and has been used as a tool of temptation the orders would be different. However let me assure that if the human society practices Islam in totality, the cases of theft would not be found.

Caliph Hadhrat Umar bin Khattab did not cut the hands of four thieves who had stolen because of their hunger and need, when there was an acute famine in Arabia.

Islam is very much interested in establishing a society that is pure, that is free from the filth of sin and crime, a society in which men and women would live in total freedom from fear of all kinds, including fear of crimes and violence.

It, therefore, wishes to build a society on the foundations of piety, fear of Allah, and absolute justice, in which each person would respect the rights of other people and would not trespass on them.

We are living in a world where we are suffering from the threat of insecurity, because of the number of the crimes. I think it is not out of place to mention here the average rate of crimes in a country like USA, and do not be shocked: one murder in every 27 minutes; one larceny-theft in every 5 minutes; one motor-vehicle theft in every 33 seconds; one violent crime in every 31 seconds; one forcible rape in every 8 minutes; one robbery in every 78 seconds; one aggravated assault in every minute; one burglary in every 10 minutes.

Now let us come back to man and how Islam protects him. The dignity of human being is protected by Islam and I shall not go into any details explaining this kind of punishment in order to save time.

To help the human beings live in happiness and tranquility, Islam has legislated marriage. The ideal life, according to Islam, is that a man has to live with his wife, and the ideal life for the woman also is to live with her husband.

Islam has recommended that one lives with the society and cooperate with others, and to keep brotherly relations with all. Islam has recommended that the whole community works together.

The well-being of the humans in Islam consists in working together with the community, and not in working alone. He is a member of a team, and must put the team-spirit ahead of him.

He is under a moral obligation to safeguard the interests of the team at all times. He must work and live as if the existence of the team depended upon him along.

Our Holy Prophet (SallAllaho alaihe wasallam) said, He who does not care for the Muslims will not be considered as one of them.

If we had followed these teachings, we would not have faced the problems that we had to face in Andlus, Palestine, Lebanon, Afghanistan, Philippines, etc.

What I have told you so far, related to the well-being of the body of man. Now I would like to talk to you briefly about the well-being of the soul of man.

There is one word in the Holy Quraan that is the key to the well-being of the soul of man, and that word is Taqwaa, which means fear of Allah. When a Muslim commits a sin, he repents before Allah and asks for His forgiveness.

If he is sincere in his repentance, and will never repeat the error, he is to be considered good. Allah in His mercy, might forgive him. But the condition of forgiveness is the mans sincerity. If he is going to repeat his errors, his repentance will not mean anything.

A Muslim knows that his life on this earth is temporary, and he also knows that he is here on probation. Therefore, he does not give too much importance to wealth, power, rank, position, children, etc.

If, through a reversal in fortunes, he loses these, he is not overwhelmed with sorrow. He is not crushed. He never surrenders to despair. He is always full of hope, and knows that adversity might be a test of his faith.

He, therefore, puts his trust in Allahs boundless mercy, and accepts whatever befalls him, without any gripe. He never doubts that things, no matter how bad at the time, would work out for him in the end.

His faith in Allahs infinite mercy remains unshaken through thick and thin. He always remembers the saying of Allah:

That you may not grieve over what is lost to you, nor exult because of that which he has given to you. And Allah loves not any self-conceited boaster. (Hadeed 57: 23)

Allow me please to repeat what I have said in the beginning:

Islams view of the well-being of man is to abstain from everything that it has forbidden, and to do everything that it has commanded him to do.

If anyone is going to follow these teachings, he or she will be happy here, and happy in the Hereafter. I hope that Allah will help us all to do so. Aameen!

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