Introduction to Jamia Farooqia, Karachi.
An International Islamic University
Ma'had ul Lughat il Arabiyyah wad Diraasat il Islamiyyah
(Institute of Arabic Language & Islamic Sudies)
During last few years, when certain slight changes have been introduced in the syllabus, another an important development is the establishment of Ma'had ul Lughat il Arabiyyah wad Diraasat il Islamiyyah (Institute of Arabic Language & Islamic Studies)
It was always a matter of concern among learned scholars that Arabic language (speaking and writing) should have its due importance in religious educational institutions in subcontinent. Also, after completing their studies students should have command over Arabic literature.
In this connection, there have been attempts in the Indo-Pak subcontinent but no major success could be achieved.
Seeking the Islamic education with the true spirit of Quraan, Hadeeth, Fiqh, etc., without lacking in knowledge and deeds could never be balanced whenever proficiency and excellence in Arabic language and literature is emphasised in these institutions.
Allah be praised, through the efforts of the teachers in the Jamia Farooqia, the institute is running very efficiently for the last few years where it is implemented successfully. The syllabus, which has been adopted as the course of studies is developed by the faculty of Jamia, also includes the syllabus of other universities of Muslim world to a great extent. Hence, the syllabus has originality and variety and the real aim is also not lost.
In this system of study all the subjects are taught in Arabic language. Communication in any language other than Arabic is not allowed in classroom or during any academic discussions.
Syllabus of Ma'had
As mentioned earlier, this department is doing special service to the Arabic language. The language of syllabus and medium of instruction is purely Arabic. For the benefit of readers, the course out line is given below:
Specializations in Jamia
Students are also enrolled for Specializations in Jamia in following fields:
Specialization in Tafseer ul Quraan (Commentary and explanations on
Specialization in Hadeeth (Tradition of Prophet SallAllaho alaihe
Specialization in Fiqh ul Islam (Islamic Jurisprudence)
Specialization in Lughat ul Arabiyyah (Arabic language)
During these specializations, students are coached, specially in research and are provided with adequate facilities for the task of research. Through the adopted method students become competent in such a field of research and investigation using primary and secondary sources of information. Therefore, some parts of syllabus are taught to students in classrooms. Rest are required to be gone through by students under the guidance of scholars of related fields. Together with studies, every student has to produce a thesis on any topic selected by the Headd of department.
Below is the course outline for specialization in Islamic Jurisprudence. For the specialization in other fields the concerned department or the Register or may be contacted.
Course for Islamic Jurisprudence
Teaching and study of 200 Fataawa (Islamic rulings) or more during the first three months of course: Principles of patrimony, Composition English-Arabic, fine hand-writing Raddul Mukhtar (Selections), Fatawa of Darul Uloom Deoband Volume 1 to 6, History of Islamic Jurisprudence.
During this three month course, Student learn and Study only. About Fatawa, they begin in the next three-month session.
In the second three-month course, Princilples of Jurisprudence, Composition of Arabic, English, fine hand writing, Raddul Mukhtar 2 (Selection), Fatawa Darul Uloom Deoband Volume 7 to 12, Modern problems of Jurisprudence, 30 Fatawas (at least).
Third three-month course, Composition of Arabic, English, fine hand writing Raddul Mukhtar Volume 3 (Selection) Imadadul Fatawa Volume 3. 50 Fatawas (at least).
First third-term: composition of Arabic,English, fine hand writing, Raddul Mukhtar Volume 4, (Selection) 60 Fatawas (at least).
Second third-term: Composition of Arabic, English, fine hand writing Raddul Mkhtar Volume 5, (Selection) 60 Fatawas (at least).
Third-term: Composition of Arabic, English, fine hand writing, discourse, in the third-term, Fatawa end and students concentrate on discourses, Selected chapter from Durr-e-Mukhtar for study of students in Specialization in Islamic Jurisprudence ( first and second yeat).
1. Volume One
Maqaddamh, Kitabut Taharat (except Baab Taymumum, Baab al-Miyah, Baab Masah alal-Khuffain) Baab Sifat-e-Salaat, Baab Ma Yufsid-us-Salaat wa Ma Yakrahu Feeha, Baab Al-Jumah, Janaiz.
2. Volume Two
Kitab-us-Zaqaat (except Baabul Ushur, Babul Rekaz, Baab Sadaqatul Fitr) Kitabus Saum (except Babul Etekaf); Kitabul Hajj (from beginning to Babul Ahraam); Kitabun Nikaah (only Chapter Concerning Muhramaat, Babul Wali, Babul Keyfayah, Babul Mehr), Kitabut Talaaq (except Babe Tafweezul Talaaq, Babul Amr Bil-yad, Babul Talaaq-ul-Mareez, Babul Aila, Babul Lai'aan, Babul Iddat.
3. Volume Three
Kitabul Imam (from Beginning ti Babul Yameen fil Dakhool Wal Kharooj, Kitabul Hadood, Kitabul Jehad (except Babul Bughat), Luqtah, Shirkat, Waqf.
4. Volume Four
Kitabul Buyu, Qaza, Shahadaat, Da'wa, Muzarabat, Eda', Ariat, Hebah.
5. Volume Five
Kitabul Ijarah, Muzariat, Masaqaat, Zeba'eh, Azhiyah, Alkhatar wal Ebahah, Rehan, Janayat.
The Students of first year are examined in the first three volumes and second year students in volume fourth and fifth. A test is conducted from a volume after each term.
Special attention to Quraan and Hadeeth
Since the Holy Book of Allah, the Quraan, and the Tradition of Prophet (Saliallahu alaihi wa sallam), the Hadeeth or Sunnah are the basic sources of Islam in all aspects, the the entire education in Jamia revolves around the explanation and commentaries on Quraan and Hadeeth.
The few distinctive features of lectures on Hadeeth by Hadhrat Sheikhul hadeeth Maulana Saleemullah Khan are as follows:
The persons in the chain reporting a Hadeeth (Ruwaat, plural of Raawi) who comprise its Sanad (Certificate of Hadeeth) are discussed in detail so that the students may become aware of details of Asnaad (Certificates) along with the related books on 'Ilm o Asmaa ir Rijaal (Science of Names of Persons who reported the Tradition of Holy Prophet SallAllaho alaihe wasallani).
Explanations of text of Hadeeths are made. And if any other Hadeeth, narrated in any other authentic book of Hadeeth, has more text, then it is pointed out and explained.
All schools of thought are discussed with their perfect origins. Also practices of Sahaabah, (Prophet's companions) with refernce to the differences in texts of Ahaadeeth are described in detail.
To solve some difficult points in text of Hadeeths, the authentic and commendable opinions of Hadhrat Shah Waliullah Dehlavi, Hadhrat Shah Abdul Aziz, Hadhrat Rasheed Ahmed Gangohi, Sheikh ul Hind Hadhrat Mahmud Hasan, Hadhrat Anwar Shah Kashmiri are also presented.
The difference in words or certificates of Ahaadeeth are also fully explained.
Modern day problems relating to Hadeeths, 'Aqaaid ((Faith), Ethics and other fields are also discussed, argued and debated.
Medium of Instruction
Since most of the students in Jamia Farooqia are local, the medium or language of instruction, adopted here, is Urdu. But in higher classes both Urdu and Arabic are applied for instructions.
That is why the dissertations and thesis are preferred if written in Arabic.
Academic Session and Annual Vacation
The academic session of the Jamia is based on Islamic (Lunar) calendar. It commences from 10th of Shawwaal and ends in the last of Rajab, every year.
The annual vacations, therefore continue from Sha'baan to mid-Shawwaal. Also, a vacation of ten days is given for Eid-ul-AdhHaa in the month of Zil Hajj. Whereas Friday is observed as the weekly holiday.
Recently, the annual system of examination has been introduced in the Jamia that works as under:
Middle term examinations are held in the middle of academic session in the month of .
Final examinations are conducted at the end of academic year in last week of Rajab.
Certificates and Degrees
Following Certificates and Degrees are issued from Jamia.
Certificate for Hifz ul Quraan after memorizing Quraan by heart.
Certificate of Mutawassitah on completion of Mutawassitah (Middle Education) level .
Certificate for Thaanawiyyah 'Aammah on the completion of Thaanawiyyah (Secondary Education) level.
Certificate of Thaanawiyyah Khaassah on the completion of Thaanawiyyah Khaassah (Higher Secondary Education) level .
Degree of 'Aaliyah on completion of 'Aaliyah (Bachelor of Arabic / Islamic Studies) level.
Degree of 'Aalimiyyah on completion of 'Aalimiyyah (Masters in Arabic / Islamic Studies) level.
On completion of different specializations and research work, related Degrees are issued.
Certificates and Degrees are issued to those students who clear respective examinations conducted by Education Department of Jamia. The Certificates and Degrees show the grades in which the student has passed, i.e. Mumtaaz (A+), Jayyad Jiddan (A), Jayyad (B), Maqbool (C). The students enrolled for specialization are awarded with Degrees after submission of their thesis.
Farooqia Computer Institute
The importance that computer has attained in the modern world is not hidden from the even the common man. As such computer has created its significant place in the educational institutions throughout the world.
The management of the Jamia, in order to enable its students in different fields, has organised different programmes; the setting up of the Computer Institute is an important project among them.
The Education Department of Jamia holds an aptitude test to select the students for computer courses run by the Computer Institute. Basic concepts related to Information Technology, use of Computers and training on different essential software packages are some elements of computer course.
Various software in English, Arabic and Urdu are used for training of students. Similarly, students also work on packages related to Tafseer, Hadeeth and Fiqh to improve their skills and for better exposure to wider use of this technology.
It is believed that there will be further improvement in this department and other religious Institutions shall also adopt it in future.
Size of the Student Body
At the moment, the student population has reached to 2500. These students belong to different faculties and departments. The number includes both Pakistani and foreign students.
Tuition in Jamia Farooqia for students of all the faculties is totally free. In addition, the Jamia provides accommodation, food, clothing, electricity, medical attendance and books to each student free of cost.
Besides, monthly scholarships are awarded to students according to their merit and level of education that determines their age group and necessities.
Extra & Co-Curricular Activities
In free time available to the students, they are encouraged to engage in study circles, discussions, declamations, handwritings, etc. Every weekend, on Thursdays, the students participate in declamation contests organized by various societies formed by students of Jamia.
After Salat ul 'Asr, in evening, most of the students keep themselves busy in sports. All the students activities are conducted within the specified disciplines of Islam and laid down by the Jamia.